英语基本句子训练指导

时间:2017-11-06 英语句子 我要投稿

英语基本句子训练指导

  1、通用句式:

英语基本句子训练指导

  英语句式:(状语)+主语+(状语)+谓语+宾语+(地点状语)+(方式状语)+(时间状语)

  中文句式:主语+(时间状语)+(地点状语)/(方式状语)+谓语+宾语

  [误] I last Sunday with my father by plane went to Beijing. (中文句式)

  [正] I went to Beijing by plane with my father last Sunday.

  [正] Last Sunday, I and my father went to Beijing by plane.

  2、人称代词和物主代词

  [误] I have a pet. A pet is called Polly.

  [正] I have a pet. It is called Polly.

  [误] This is my new friend. You can call she Lily.

  [正] This is my new friend. You can call her Lily.

  [误] This is my bike. That is she's bike.

  [正] This is my bike. That is her bike.

  [误] Your shoes are older than my.

  [正] Your shoes are older than mine.

  3、There be 与have

  [误] The table have some flowers.

  [正] There are some flowers on the table.

  [误] There will have a film this evening.

  [正] There will be a film this evening.

  4、Be, do, does, did

  [误] He is live in Canada.

  [正] He lives in Canada.

  [误] Mr. Green is/does sometimes read newspaper.

  [正] Mr. Green sometimes reads newspaper.

  [误] I am not like dogs.

  [正] I don't like dogs.

  [误] Jenny wasn't call me last night.

  [正] Jenny didn't call me last night.

  [误] Our English teacher in the office.

  [正] Our English teacher is in the office.

  5、can, may, must, should, could

  I can sing and dance.

  We should keep quiet in the reading room.

  6、will, shall, be going to

  [误] Jack will comes to China next week.

  [正] Jack will come to China next week.

  We shall go for a picnic next week.

  Mr. Green is going to buy a car next month.

  7、and, but, or, too, also

  My favorite holidays are spring and fall.

  My father likes watching TV. I like watching TV, too.

  [误] October is not too cold and cold in Quanzhou.

  [正] October is not too cold or cold in Quanzhou.

  [误] I like English, and I don't like math.

  [正] I like English, but I don't like math.

  8、sometimes, often, always, usually, never, hardly, all the time

  In the morning, my father always plays sports.

  = In the morning, my father plays sports all the time.

  9、for example, such as,

  We will do some activities, such as going boating, climbing hills, playing games, having a picnic and so on.

  We should help the old. For example, we can clean the house, carry water and tell interesting stories.

  10、作比较

  I think football is as popular as basketball in America.

  English is not so/as easy as Chinese.

  I think math is more/less interesting than art.

  Of all the subjects, I think English is the most interesting.

  July is the hottest in a year.

  11、复合句

  [误] If it will be sunny tomorrow, we can play a football game.

  [正] If it is sunny tomorrow, we can play a football game.

  [误] When the summer will come, the weather will get hotter and hotter.

  [正] When the summer comes, the weather will get hotter and hotter.

  12、以事物作主语的'句子

  [误] I hope I will come true my dream.

  [正] I hope my dream will come true.

  [误] Tom happens a traffic accident.

  [正] A traffic accident happened to Tom.

  13、时间状语(位于句首或句末)

  at 6 o'clock, at 7:15=at a quarter past seven

  at 9 a.m.=at nine in the morning

  at 6:30 p.m.= at half past six in the afternoon

  at night/noon, at breakfast,

  in the morning/afternoon/evening/night

  in April, in spring, in 2007, in May, 2007

  in two hours

  He will finish the work in two hours.

  on May19th, 2007 on Saturday on a rainy day

  on Sunday morning on the morning of June1st

  for three years

  I will keep this book for two weeks.

  since five days ago=for five days

  [误] I have been on the football team since five days.

  [正] I have been on the football team since five days ago.

  before/after supper, after school/class

  前面不加介词的时间状语:

  yesterday, today, tomorrow, then,

  the day before yesterday, the day after tomorrow

  just now=a moment ago, from now on, from then on

  last/this/next week

  [误] He hurt his leg on last week.

  [正] He hurt his leg last week.

  at first at the end of the party at last=in the end=finally

  14、方式状语

  by bike/taxi/car/bus/train/plane/ship/boat/air/sea

  in a/the car/taxi

  on a bike/motorbike/bus/train on foot

  [误] He by bike to school every day.

  [正] He goes to school by bike/on a bike every day.

  [正] He rides a bike to school every day.

  [误] He by train to Beijing yesterday.

  [正] He went to Beijing by train/on a train yesterday.

  [正] He took a train to Beijing yesterday.

  with my father, with a knife, with a book in his hand,

  15、地点状语

  at home, at school,

  in Tom's/his home, in Quanzhou, in China,

  in our classroom, in the drawer, in my backpack,

  on the desk, on the/my left, on my seat

  at the front of = in front of, in the front of, at the back of

  behind the door above/below/under the bed, over the river

  next/close to my room, near my school, far from the city,

  out of the window, inside/outside, beside me,

  in the tree on the tree (lie) in bed on the bed

  go/come/get/drive/ride/fly to 地点

  [误] Welcome to come my house.

  [正] Welcome to come to my house.

  Home/here/there/where前不加任何介词

  [误] I arrived at home last night.

  [正] I arrived home last night.

  [正] I arrived at my home last night.

  16、开头句

  It's our duty to protect our environment.

  It is very important to keep healthy.

  My favorite holiday is Spring Festival.

  In China the most important holiday is the Spring Festival.

  Everyone has his dreams. So do I. My dream is to be a famous doctor.

  I want to be a businessman/bob.

  Last Sunday, it was sunny(rainy, windy, foggy,).

  Last summer, my parents and I went to Beijing for our holiday

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