浅谈形容词在英语句子中的特殊位置

时间:2018-07-03 编辑:聪聪 手机版

  形容词除了在英语句子中的正常位置之外,在各种特殊情况下也有其特殊的位置。在我们日常学习中还是经常会碰到这些特殊情况的,主要有几种,

  (一)形容词被其他词语修饰时,便要跟在所修饰的名词后面,如:

  This hole←large←enough for a dog to pass through must be blocked up.

  Don't throw away that filing cabinet←big←enough to keep all the old documents.

  (二)两个意思相反的形容词并用时,也是要跟在被修饰的名词后面,如:

  We should be fair to all people, big and small, young and old.

  (三)形容词修饰“anything, something, nothing, everything”等代名词时,也要在后头出现,如:There is nothing funny about it.

  Something important has been found.

  (四)在某些固定的词语中,形容词在名词后头出现,如:

  Military offenders will be sued in the court-martial. (军事法庭)

  The sum total (总数) of his teaching experience is two years as a relief teacher in a secondary school.

  Since time immemorial (太古时代), human beings have fought for survival.

  (五)在某些口语中,形容词也跟在被修饰的名词之后,如:

  On Sunday last (上星期日);16. On Monday next (下星期一);17. Volume one (第一卷);18. Chaper two (第二章); 19. Page three (第三页)。

  (六)有时,为了加强句子语气,形容词可以放在句首,如:

  Brave he may be, but he is not a good soldier.

  Old though Jane is, she is healthy and energetic.

  (七)当定语是"形容词+介词+名词"时,要放在名词的后面

  He gave me a box full of books. 他给了我一个盛满书的箱子。

  (八)两个意义相反的形容词中间用and或or连接作定语时,常放在名词的后面。

  All the people on this island, young or old, are all fond of music.

  这个岛上的人,不论年轻的还是年老的都喜欢音乐。

  E away, long, wide, high, deep, old等词附有数词短语说明时,要后置。

  The river is 20 meters wide. 这条河二十米宽。

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