英语句子翻译练习题

时间:2017-09-23 编辑:海婷 手机版

  一、汉译英(1~8题局部翻译每句1分,整句翻译每句2分)

  1、使我们惊讶的是,他什么也没说就走了。

  ,he left without saying anything.

  2、作为学生,我们很有必要更专心于学习。

  As students,                for us                    our study.

  3、以前你做作业总是用很长时间吗?

  a long time                     ?

  4、她似乎对电脑更感兴趣。

  She                                in computers.

  5、我打算休五天假。

  I’m going to                             .

  6、台湾(Tibet)属于中国。

  Tibet ________________________________ China.

  7、他们对时间非常放松。

  They are pretty                            time.

  8、她的爷爷习惯于早起。

  His grandfather                                     early.

  9、他所说的话使我很悲伤。

  _______________________________________________________.

  10、Jess really felt very happy. When he arrived at his seat in the classroom that morning, he found an invitation on his desk. (1)It was from several of his classmates asking him to join them on a camping trip. This was the first time he was asked to join in an out-of-school activity. Why were they asking him now? Nobody seemed to like him. (2)In fact, he had been so lonely that he drowned his feeling with food. As a result, he had put on a lot of weight, and this gave the kids something more to make fun of him.

  二、汉译英(1~8题局部翻译每句1分,整句翻译每句2分)

  1、我想和他交朋友。

  I want to

  2、人类和动物应该和睦相处。

  Humans should                               animals.

  3、由于大雨,他们停止了打篮球。

  the heavy rain,they                   basketball.

  4、青少年应该远离火。

  Teenagers should

  5、你在考虑明年去香港吗?

  Hong Kong next year?

  6、Paris是最有活力的城市之一。

  Paris is _______________________________________________________.

  7、过度的看电视对眼睛有害处。

  Watching TV too much_________________________ your eyes.

  8、 请不要把书借给他人。

  Please don’t                 the book                others.

  9、无论你想干什么,你必须先告诉我。

  ____________________________________________________________.

  10、But there are two problems. First, it does not always work. (1)Sometimes people die when they have blood transfusion(输送). Later, doctors find that we do not all have the same kind of blood. There are four groups—O, A, B and AB. We all have blood of one of these groups. They also find that they can give any kind of blood to people of group AB. But they find that they must give A-group blood to A-group people and B-group blood to B-group people. (2)I have O-group blood and the doctor told me that I could give blood to anyone else safely.

  三、汉译英(1~8题局部翻译每句1分,整句翻译每句2分)

  1、他昨天买的那本书适合儿童看。

  That kind of book __________________________________ children.

  2、遇见老师时,你应该向老师问好。

  You're                say "Hello" to your teacher when you meet them.

  3、全国数千名学生参加了英语俱乐部。Xk b1 .com

  join the English club.

  4、这个消息是谁给他提供的?

  Who                      him                          ?

  5、她越忙,就越感觉高兴。

  she is,                     she feels.

  6、这从前曾经有很多大树。

  There __________________ a lot of big trees here.

  7、张老师花了20元钱买了这本书。

  Miss Smith______________ 20 yuan_________________ this book.

  8、你要尽可能在课堂上多说英语。

  You should speak English ____________________________ in class.

  9、那条小狗使他的生活从满了乐趣。

  ______________________________________________________________.

  10、(1)If you watch the sky for about an hour after the sun goes down, you may see some “moving stars”. But they’re not really stars. They’re man-made satellites. And the biggest of all is the International Space Station (ISS). From May to July is the best season to watch the ISS flying over the earth. And people can see it with their eyes.

  The ISS is the biggest satellite(人造卫星) and scientists want to live on it. (2)They think that the best way to learn more about space is to live there.

  四、汉译英(1~8题局部翻译每句1分,整句翻译每句2分)

  1、周末我宁愿看书也不愿上网聊天。

  On weekends I ____________ read books ___________________chat on line.

  2、他们班学生的人数是五十。

  __________________the students in their class ___________fifty.

  3、多亏了绿色长城,土地产出了更多的粮食。

  _________________ the Great Green Wall,the land produces more crops.

  4、每个人都期盼未来有幸福的生活。

  Everyone ___________________ the happy life ___________________.

  5、今天我以我的学校为荣,明天学校以我的成功为傲。

  Today I                 my school and tomorrow my school will

  take                     .

  6、那音乐使我想起了美国人的舞蹈音乐。

  That music                 me             American dance music.

  7、他们的钱快花光了。

  They will                    their money soon.

  8、我在家里偶然发现了这个东西。

  I found this thing at home

  9、我以前上学从未迟到过。

  ______________________________________________________________.

  10、Waste can bring a lot of problems. (1)Although China is rich in some resources(资源), we are short of(缺乏) others, for example, fresh water(淡水)。 It is reported that we will have no coal(煤) or oil to use in 100 years. So if we go on wasting our resources, what can we use in the future and where can we move? Think about it.(2)I think we should say no to the students who waste things every day. Everybody should stop wasting as soon as possible.

  五、汉译英(1~8题局部翻译每句1分,整句翻译每句2分)

  1、我害怕在课堂上发言。

  I am ______________________________ in class.

  2、虽然数学很难,但他从未放弃过。

  _____________ math is difficult, he never ______________________.

  3、她的父母正在自学英语。

  Her parents are ___________________________________________.

  4、我们应该爱护动物,关爱地球。

  We should ____________________ animals and ________________ the earth.

  5、那使我对自己很恼火。

  That _______________ me ________________________.

  6、你知道这座桥是什么时候建的吗?

  Do you know _______________________________________ ?

  7、他们把我看作是他们的家人。

  They              me               one of their family.

  8、坚持你的梦想,将来有一天它们会成为现实的。

  your dream and one day they will            ____  .

  9、你曾经去过长城吗?

  _____________________________________________________________

  10、(1)Mr King examined the car at first and then drove it away. It was five in the morning and there were few cars in the street. At first he drove slowly and it worked well. Then he drove fast. And when he reached a crossing, the lights turned red. (2)He tried to stop it, but he failed and nearly hit an old woman who was crossing the street. A policeman told him to stop, but the car went on until it hit a big tree by the road.

  Answers:

  一.

  1.  To our surprise

  2. it’s necessary, to concentrate more on

  3. Did you use to spend, doing

  4. Seems to be more interested

  5. have five days off

  6. belongs to

  7. relaxed about

  8. is used to getting up

  9. What he said made me sad.

  10. (1)它(这封邀请函)是来自他的几个同学,邀请他加入他们去参加野营。

  (2)事实上,他一直如此孤独以至于用吃东西来掩盖他的感受。

  二.

  1. make friends with him

  2. get on well with

  3. Because of, stopped playing

  4. stay away from fire

  5. Are you considering going to

  6. one of the liveliest cities in Europe

  7. is bad for

  8. lend, to

  9. Whatever you want to do , you must tell me at first.

  10. (1)有时当人们输完血会死亡。

  (2) 我是O型血,医生告诉我我可以安全地给其他任何人输血。

  三.

  1. is suitable for

  2. supposed to

  3. Thousands of students across the country

  4. provided, with this message / offered, the message

  5. The busier, the happier

  6. used to be

  7. spent, on / paid , for

  8. as much as possible/ as much as you can

  9. That little dog makes his life full of fun.

  10. (1)在太阳落山后,如果你观察天空大约一个小时,你就会看到一些“移动的星星”。

  (2) 他们认为了解更多关于宇宙的最好方法就是住在那(国际宇宙空间站)。

  四.

  1. would rather, than

  2. The number of , is

  3. Thanks to

  4. looks forward to having, in the future

  5. am proud of , pride in my success

  6. reminds , of

  7. use up/run out of

  8. by accident

  9. I’ve never been late for school before.

  10. (1)尽管中国一些资源很丰富,但是我们也缺乏其它资源,例如淡水。

  (2)我认为我们应该对每天浪费东西的同学说不。

  五.

  1. afraid of speaking

  2. Although/Though, gives up

  3. are learning English by themselves

  4. take care of/look after, care for

  5. made , angry/annoyed with myself

  6. when the bridge was built

  7. regard, as

  8. Hold on to, come true

  9. Have you ever been to the Great Wall?

  10. (1)起初金先生检查了车,然后把车开走了。

  (2) 他试着停车,但他没停住,并且几乎撞到一位正在过马路的老妇人。

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